Derbyshire War Memorials
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Memorial Title

Whitwell

Summary

Derbyshire War Memorials: a description of a WW1 and WW2 war memorial cross at Whitwell, Derbyshire.
Images
Setting Memorial Click on a thumbnail to see a larger image.
Further images may be available on request.
6 o'clock face 7 o'clock face 10 o'clock face 12 o'clock face 1 o'clock face 5 o'clock face
Locations
Last known location:
The Square
High St
Whitwell
Derbyshire
Nearest postcode:
S80 4QU

NGR:
SK 52980 76692 ±5m
Location details:
The Square is at the junction of High St, Hangar Hill, Malthouse Rd, Station Rd and Portland St.
Type
Overall type: Cross.


Overall condition: Fair. The inscription is legible and the memorial is cared for.

Description:

A cross on a lantern-headed pillar surmounting a pedestal and stepped base.

The potent cross, originally reported to be Portland Limestone, has hexagonal limbs and a small wheel at its centre. It surmounts the lantern head which has six gabled faces, each with a blind gothic arch. The tapered hexagonal pillar is formed from three sections but was originally taller than its current height. The pillar rests on a hexagonal pedestal with domed top and with an oblong tablet, originally reported as Welsh slate but now black granite, on each face bearing the WW1 inscriptions. Below the pedestal is a thin cushion stone with chamfered face separating it from a hexagonal plinth which has further black granite tablets on three of its faces bearing the WW2 inscriptions.

The whole surmounts a hexagonal three-stepped base on a raised hexagonal platform built into the sloping road surface and thus of variable height. The platform was originally reported as Portland Limestone paving but now appears to be concrete, at least in part. Shortly after unveiling bronze posts were added to each angle, from which a chain was suspended to form a railing , but the feature is now lost.

The gilded inscriptions and names are incised in upright capital roman lettering..

Glossary
Components:

Component Material Height Width Depth Condition
Cross Portland Limestone c750 c450 c175 Fair
Lantern Portland Limestone c1500 c375 c375 Fair
Pillar Limestone 2000 360 260 Fair
Pedestal Limestone 840 840 980 Fair
Tablet x 6 Welsh slate 490 365 10 Lost
Tablet x 6 Black granite 490 365 10 Fair
Cushion stone Limestone 100 980 980 Fair
Plinth Limestone 370 980 980 Fair
Tablet x 3 Black granite 270 445 10 Fair
Base Limestone 500 3100 3560 Fair
Platform Portland Limestone, Concrete 540 6200 6200 Fair
Post x 6 Bronze c1000 c200 c200 Lost
Dimensions in millimetres ±5mm unless stated otherwise.
Inscription
Tablet on 6 o'clock face of pedestal: Tablet on 7 o'clock face of pedestal: Tablet on 10 o'clock face of pedestal:
THE GREAT WAR
1914 - 1918
IN MEMORY
OF THOSE WHO
GAVE THEIR LIVES
FOR THEIR COUNTRY
MAKE THEM
TO BE NUMBERED
WITH THY SAINTS
IN GLORY
EVERLASTING
J. ALCOCK
C. ASHLEY
A. ALLETSON
J. ASTLE
J. BUCKENHAM
T. BINCH
J. BUTTERFIELD
F. C. BROWN
W. BAILEY
H. BENNETT
G. BENNETT
J. W. COUPE
P. N. COUPE
J. COLLINGHAM
W. COOPER
W. CLARKE
P. CARTWRIGHT
A. DOLBY
J. T. DOLBY
H. ELLIS
J. T. ELLIS
T. B. FOX
S. FORREST
A. GODLEY
J. L. GODLEY
T. GASCOIGNE
D. GEE
A. GRAINGER
J. GALLIMORE
E. HARROP
J. R. HURT
W. E. HURT
T. HEELEY
T. HAMMONDS

Tablet on 12 o'clock face of pedestal: Tablet on 1 o'clock face of pedestal: Tablet on 5 o'clock face of pedestal:
J. HANCOCK
H. HAWKINS
W. HEWKIN
P. HILLABY
H. HARVEY
A. HUNT
C. JACKSON
G. JOHNSON
E. KITCHEN
A. KIRK
T. C. LOWE
M. LEE
G. E. LEE
J. P. LINDLEY
J. R. MELLISH
F. MALTHOUSE
W. NORTON
F. A. PENTELOWE
G. PARKER
L. RAYNES
J. RAMSDEN
R. RAMSDEN
H. RODGERS
J. SMITH
R. SMITH
W. A. SMITH
A. SIBBERING
J. D. STONE
A. R. STREETS
J. W. STREETS
A. STUBBINS
S. STOREY
H. SQUIRES
L. SQUIRES
J. F. SHEEN
S. SNOOKS
A. STEVENS
T. STANSBURY
H. SWANN
J. TAYLOR
J. W. THORPE
W. WALKER
W. WAREHAM
A. WATKINS
J. WATSON
A. WILKINSON
J. W. WILKINSON
J. R. CARDING-WELLS
J. WHITE
C. WOOD
J. WOOD
A. WOODHEAD
G. H. YOUNG
R. MORRIS

Tablet on 6 o'clock face of plinth: Tablet on 7 o'clock face of plinth: Tablet on 5 o'clock face of plinth:
1939 - 1945
THEIR NAME LIVETH
FOR EVER MORE
L. BEESTON
H. BERRY
A. BIRD
H. BUCKINGHAM
F. E. EDWARDS
H. EKIN
R. L. HARNESS
W. B. HIGGINS
J. F. HOLLINGWORTH
C. HUNT
B. PROFFITT
W. PERRETT
J. S. SHAKESPEARE
H. SUGDEN
D. THORPE
J. W. WILLIES
D. WHEATLEY

Conflicts and people named:
Conflict First World War (1914-1919) Second World War (1939-1945) Totals
Action
Number died 88 17 105
Number served and returned  0  0  0
Total names 88 17 105
Administration
Custodian: Presumed to be Whitwell Parish Council.

Local authorities:
From WW1: Whitwell Parish Council; Clowne Rural District Council; Derbyshire County Council.
From 1974: Whitwell Parish Council; Bolsover District Council; Derbyshire County Council.
History
1920s: The proposals for the memorial were developed by the War Memorials Committee (possibly a sub-committee of Whitwell Parish Council) under the chairmanship of Mr D McIntyre, with Secretary Mr G Burton and Treasurer Mr E C Tinker.

January, 1921: The parish council proposed to erect the memorial in The Square and the Duke of Portland had consented to the removal of an old "ivy-covered" cottage on the site called Peartree Cottage.

1923-4: The memorial was erected at a cost exceeding £400. The post and chain railings were not initially installed. The memorial is said to have been designed by "Lidstel and Brammel" but no other references to them have been found.

26th April, 1924: The memorial was unveiled by William Cavendish-Bentinck KG GCVO TD PC DL, 6th Duke of Portland, and dedicated by the Bishop of Southwell, Sir Edwyn Hoskyns Bt. There were initially 78 WW1 names on it.

May-December, 1924: The post and chain railings were installed.

4th January, 1925: The memorial was blown down during a gale and parts of it smashed.

1925: The memorial was rebuilt incorporating steel reinforment bars but with the column slightly shorter than the original.

Unknown date: Ten more WW1 names were added.

1950s: The WW2 names were added.

1949-1986: The post and chain railings were removed.

1991: The memorial was repointed.

Unknown date: The Welsh slate tablets were replaced by the granite ones.

14th January, 1971: The memorial lies within the Whitwell Conservation Area first designated on that date.

July 1987: The memorial lies within an area subject to an Article 4 Direction first made on that date.

28th January, 2011: The memorial was listed Grade II, Heritage List for England number 1396429.

22nd October, 2016: The memorial was surveyed by Roy Branson and Anne Branson. It was in fair condition and cared for.
References
Derbyshire Courier, 8th January 1921, p9: a brief report on the siting of the proposed memorial.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, 29th March 1924, p7: a statement regarding the format of the forthcoming unveiling ceremony.

Derbyshire Times and Chesterfield Herald, 3rd May 1924, p1: a long and detailed account of the unveiling ceremony with list of names.

Yorkshire Post and Leeds Intelligencer, 5th January 1925, p8: a brief report of the storm damage. (This account was syndicated in many newspapers around the country.)

Heritage List for England: architectural and historic information.

Picture the Past: several photographs of the memorial from 1925 to 1986.
Comments
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Page © Roy Branson