Derbyshire War Memorials
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Memorial Title

H Cavendish

Summary

Derbyshire War Memorials: a description of a Dutch War of Independence memorial monument to Henry Cavendish at St Peter's Church, Edensor, Derbyshire.
Images
Memorial Tablet Click on a thumbnail to see a larger image.
Further images may be available on request.
Locations
Last known location:
St Peter's Church
Jap La
Edensor
Derbyshire
Nearest postcode:
DE45 1PH

NGR:
SK 25066 69907
(From online digital mapping.)
(Map opens in new window.)
Location details:
In the Cavendish Chapel, south of the chancel.

Previous location:
St Peter's Church (demolished)
Jap La
Edensor
Derbyshire
Nearest postcode:
DE45 1PH

NGR:
SK 25066 69907
(From online digital mapping.)
(Map opens in new window.)
Location details:
At the east end of the chancel, behind the altar.
Type
Overall type: Monument.


Overall condition: Good. The inscription is legible and the memorial is cared for.

Description:

A huge white and brown alabaster monument to Henry and William Cavendish whose bodies are represented at the centre lying under a low four-poster with black columns and black covering slab. Henry is depicted as a skeleton on a soldier's straw mat, William in his shroud with his face revealed. Behind them is a classical wall with a pilaster to each side and three arches with black columns in the middle. Before the left pilaster is a statue of a mythical figure holding a shield and brandishing a black sword, said to depict Mars, the God and War and to represent Henry, who was a soldier. Next to it, in the first arch, is Henry's life size suit of armour with helmet and gauntlets. Before the right pilaster is Athena, Godess of Wisdom, holding the head of Medusa with snakes still vigorously writhing and with an owl at her feet. Next to it, in the third arch is William's purple robe with his earl's coronet, and sword hung up. In the middle arch is a winged angel, said to represent Fame, blowing a trumpet and bearing a black tablet in the style of an open book with latin inscriptions in gilded sentence-case italic lettering. The whole is surmounted by a big broken pediment with the Cavendish arms in the opening.

Glossary
Components:

Component Material Height Width Depth Condition
Monument
(overall)
Alabaster c4000 4500 c1600 Good
Dimensions in millimetres ±5mm unless stated otherwise.
Inscription
Left side of tablet: A transliteration:
FAME
M.S.
HENRICO CAVENDISIO
Guil Eqil Amalia Chatesworth in Agro Derb.
Filio nahi Maximo
Ex matre clanssima Elizab. Hardwick ab
Hardwick incodem Agro nata quæ quarto
Marito Georgio Salopicæ Comiti sexto
Enupta est
Viro strenuo ac Forti
Ut qui unus(ex primis illis volonibus chiliarchis
Anglis Anno CIƆ ICLXXVIII) Nomen
Dederil Militæ Belgicæ
Cujus erat Patiens ac Peritus pariter
Navus Agilis Acer
Ubi aulem Negocia. Tecissent Olio Locum
Liberaliter Lauleq. ipsi indulgens
Ita lamenut Splendidus
Ac Hilaris
Non Deses audiret
In hoc Agro
Armis Exuviisq. depositis
Et in Parieles Fixis
Latel Sceleton expectans
Pro Famæ clangore tubæ
Classicium Resurrectionis
Obiit XII die Octobris
Anno Qra Christianæ
CIƆ ICCXXVI.

Sacred to the Memory of HENRY CAVENDISH eldest son of William Cavendish, Knight of Chatsworth, in the County of Derby, and of the much celebrated Elizabeth Hardwick of Hardwick, in the same County, who afterwards married her fourth husband, George Earl of Shrewsbury.


He was a strenuous and brave man, and particularly distinguished himself among the English Volunteer Commanders in the campaign in the Netherlands, in the year 1578, in which he displayed perseverence, skill, diligence, activity, and fortitude.



When however his military engagements gave place to the enjoyment of ease, he indulged in the liberal and sumptuous use of his fortune in such a manner as to retain the character of splendour and festivity and to avoid the reproach of luxurious indolence.

His Arms and Armour being deposited in this County, and fixed in the wall, his Body lies here awaiting instead of the Clarion of Fame the Trumpet of the Resurrection.


He died the 12th day of October in the year of our Lord 1616.
Right side of tablet: A transliteration:
ARCHIVA
M.S.
GULIELMO CAVANDISIO
Ex jisdem Parentibus secundo Genito Alio
Qui v hic eliam trubeam reliquit,
Viro
Ad omnia nato
Quæ recte facienda Sunt
Simplicique Virtute Merenti Magis
Quam captanti Gloriam
Quem ami primum titulo Baronis de Hardwick
Et postea Comitis Devon. Regum oculatissimus
JACOB B.M. & M.B. Rex insigniret
Non tam Hominem quam Honorem
Cohonestare Visus est
provinciam Sustinuit
Quali peritia integritate ac laude
ipsam roga.
Fama communis non mentitur
vir
Non sæculi sed omnis Ævioptimus
Neque silendus, neque Dicendus
sine cura
Laboris ac Fidei capacissimus
Actu otiosis simillimus
Nihil sibi vendicans
Eoque assequens omnia
Cui
Cum modice ac plano solo se condi
Mandavisset
Majore pietate quam impensa
H.M.F.C.
H.
Obiit iii Die Marto Anno Æræ ejusdem
CIƆ ICC XXV.

SACRED to the Memory of WILLIAM CAVENDISH the second son of the same parents, who also here put off his earthly dress.


He was a man born to fill every honourable Station, and in the simplicity of his virtues deserving rather than courting Glory. Whom when James the 1st of Blessed Memory, King of Great Britain, had honoured with the Titles first of Baron Hardwick, and afterwards Earl of Devonshire, he appeared not so much to do Honour to the man as to the title, with what Wisdom, Integrity, and Applause, he sustained the Duties of his Province;






Common Fame is seldom false. He was not only the best man of his own but of every age, nor can his character be suppressed or spoken of without difficulty. He was capable of the utmost diligence and of unsullied faith, with the appearance of the greatest indolence.


He claimed no Honour and yet obtained all.
To Him having ordered that he might be buried without splendour and in a plain grave, this Monument is erected with an affection greater than its expense.




He died the third of March in the year of our Lord 1625.

Conflicts and people named:
Conflict Dutch Revolt
(Dutch War of Independence) (1568–1648).
Totals
Action Battle of Rijmenam (1 Aug 1578)
Number died 0 0
Number served and returned 1 1
Total names 1 1
Administration
Custodian: Presumed to be the parochial church council.

Local authorities:
From 19th century: Edensor Parish Council, Bakewell Rural District Council; Derbyshire County Council.
From 1974: Edensor Parish Council, Derbyshire Dales District Council; Derbyshire County Council.
History and Conservation
Early 17th century: The memorial was commissioned for the original church by Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury (Bess of Hardwick) and is attributed to Maximilian Colt.

1865-70: The mediæval church was demolished and a new one built on the same site, the memorial being placed in a new side chapel south of the chancel.

17th April, 1951: The church lies within the Peak District National Park designated on that date.

12th July 1967: The church was listed Grade I, Heritage List for England number 1088158.

Unknown date: The church lies within the Edensor Conservation Area.

21st July, 2017: The memorial was surveyed by Roy Branson and Alan Willmot. It was in good condition and cared for.
References
The Peak Guide containing the Topographical, Statistical and General History ... ; Stephen Glover; Henry Mozley and Son; Derby 1830; pp53-54: A description of the monument including transliterations of the two inscriptions.

English Warfare 1511-1642; Mark Charles Fissel; Routledge, London and New York; 2001; p141: a description of Henry Cavendish's involvement in the Dutch War of Independance.

Derbyshire, in The Buildings of England series; Nikolaus Pevsner revised by Elizabeth Wilkinson; Penguin Books; 1953-1998; p205: a description of the church and the monument.

Derbyshire, in the King's England series; Arthur Mee; 1937-1947; pp120-121: a description of the monument.
Comments
Henry and William were the children of Elizabeth Talbot, Countess of Shrewsbury (Bess of Hardwick)and her husband, Sir William Cavendish.

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Page © Roy Branson