Derbyshire War Memorials
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Memorial Title

Castleton - WW1 and WW2

Summary

Derbyshire War Memorials:
a description of a WW1 and WW2 war memorial comprising a cross, pillars and plaques in the Market Place at Castleton.
Images

Setting Cross WW1 plaque WW2 plaque Southern pillar 1914 plaque 1915 plaque 1916 plaque 1917 plaque
Locations

Last known location:
Road island
Market Place
Castleton
Derbyshire
Nearest postcode:
S33 8WQ

NGR:
SK 15020 82800 ±5m
Location details:
In a triangular road island at the junction of The Stones, Bargate and Back St.
Type

Overall type: Cross.


Overall condition: Good. The inscription is legible and the memorial is well cared for.

Description:

An ornately carved Derbyshire gritstone cross accompanied by plaques on nearby stones.

At the centre of the 6 o'clock face of the cross is a couchant deer within a circular wreath of bound oak leaves and acorns and on the tapered shaft is an angel with an inverted sword. Surrounding them is a design of interlaced plain strapwork in Anglo-Saxon style. The other three faces of the cross bear further designs and swirls, also in Anglo-Saxon style. The cross surmounts a plain square battered pedestal with a WW1 bronze plaque set into a recessed panel on the 6 o'clock face and an empty recess on the 12 o'clock face. The pedestal surmounts a square plinth with roughly carved oblique mouldings on its face. The whole surmounts a stone base, rough hewn on its 6 o'clock face, which also bears a stone slab with an inclined face serving as a backboard for a WW2 bronze plaque and on three sides bears a low stone wall with steel railings and holes for the placement of tributes. The inscriptions on the plaques are in upright capital roman lettering.

At the two eastern corners of the road island are two stone pillars, each comprising an oblong block of gritstone on a roughly square battered cairn of random mortared stones. The outer face of each block has an oblong recess with rounded head containing a similarly shaped bronze plaque bearing names in raised upper case roman lettering. Above the recess is a narrow plaque in the style of a scroll bearing an inscription. This outer face of the block bears some oblique carved grooves at the base. The inner faces of the two blocks have similar recesses also containing bronze plaques bearing names.
Components:

Component Material Height Width Depth Condition
Cross:
Cross Gritstone 2500 900 460 Good
Pedestal Sandstone 700 690 690 Good
Plinth Sandstone 240 940 940 Good
Base Stone 200 1680 1850 Good
Walls Stone 200 1680 1850 Good
Railings Mild Steel 410 1485 1400 Good
Plaque Bronze 300 455 - Good
Plaque Bronze 355 380 5 Good
Backboard Stone 200 475 440 Good
North pillar:
Block Gritstone 970 655 660 Good
Cairn Stone 700 1330 1370 Good
Plaque Bronze 130 525 5 Good
Plaque Bronze 630 405 5 Good
Plaque Bronze 620 415 5 Good
South pillar:
Block Gritstone 970 645 650 Good
Cairn Stone 600 1410 1270 Good
Plaque Bronze 150 575 5 Good
Plaque Bronze 635 405 5 Good
Plaque Bronze 635 395 5 Good
Dimensions in millimetres ±5mm unless stated otherwise.
Inscription

Plaque on 6 o'clock face of pedestal: TO THE MEMORY OF      
T. BEVERLEY.
J.EYRE.
H. HALL.
J. H. HALL.
H. HOW.
W. MARRISON.
A. A. PAYNE.
F. ROSE.
WHO FELL DURING THE      
GREAT WAR, 1914-19      

Plaque at foot of cross: TO THE MEMORY OF      
T. BEVERLEY
G. B. HOW.
G. A. POTTER
L. L. J. SMITH
J. BRICKLEY
G. G. HOW.
H. POTTER
W. SMITH.
WHO FELL IN THE GREAT WAR      
1939-45      

Upper plaque on 6 o'clock face of north pillar: ROLL OF HONOUR      

Main plaque on 6 o'clock face of north pillar: 1914      
T. ABBOTT
H. ALLRED
J. BARBER
J. S. BEVERLEY
A. E. BOLER
J, BROADBENT
F. D. CHARLES
P. D. CHARLES
J. H. DODDS
G. W. EYRE
H. EYRE
D. W. GREAVES
V. E. W. GREAVES
F. HALL
J. G. HALL
L. HALL
  (DIED 1919)
J. HALL
E. V. HOW
W. M. HOYLE
C. LOMAS
W. E. PASHLEY
V. ROSE
W. SIDEBOTHAM
  (DIED 1918)
B. SNAPE
W. SWALES
E. UNSWORTH
F. J. WAINING     

Plaque on 12 o'clock face of north pillar:   1917
H. BARBER
G. BOAM
E. C. BOLER
J, HALL
C. LOCKLEY
F. POTTER
J. T. POTTER
J. SIDEBOTHOM
  1918
J. A. EYRE
R. JACKSON
L. LANCASTER
M. LITTLEWOOD
H. NICHOLS
H. PASHLEY
S. ROBINSON

Upper plaque on 6 o'clock face of south pillar: ROLL OF HONOUR      

Main plaque on 6 o'clock face of south pillar: 1915      
E. BEVERLEY
J. W. BEVERLEY
M. BEVERLEY
S. BEVERLEY
G. E. ELLISON
J. EYRE
R. HALL
R. HALL
L. B. HAWKES
S. HOW
J. M. W. LOCKLEY
G. LOMAS
G. C. MINNIT
R. T. NICHOLSON
T. H. NICHOLSON
O. S. NICHOLS
A. POTTER
G. W. POTTER
S. WILD
H. G. YOUNGE

Plaque on 12 o'clock face of south pillar: 1916      
A. ABBOTT
H. ABBOTT
W. H. ABBOTT
W. ABBOTT
C. E. D. CHARLES
V. E. HOW
C. LITTLEWOOD
J. LITTLEWOOD
H. MARRISON
R. NICHOLSON
J. POTTER
P. W. TATE
J. WALKER
T. J. J. WEAVING
T. W. WHEAT
W. J. WRAY

Conflicts and people named:
Conflict First World War (1914-1919) Second World War (1939-1945)
Number died  8 8
Number served and returned 77 0
Total names 85 8
Administration

Custodian: Castleton Parish Council

Local authorities:
From WW1: Castleton Parish Council; Chapel en le Frith Rural District Council and Derbyshire County Council.
From 1974: Castleton Parish Council; High Peak Borough Council and Derbyshire County Council.
History

c1918-19: The memorial was financed by public subscription and a trust fund was established to pay for its provision and maintenance. The site is reported to have cost £300.

c1919: The memorial was designed by L. G. Whitehead, carved by J. Beresford and Son and J Whiteside, and erected by William Gregory and Son.

18th October 1919: The cross was unveiled by Maj S Hill-Wood.

May 1920: The historic Garland Day custom was modified with the Queen Posey being placed on the memorial by the Garland King instead of being presented to a newly married couple.

1934: The two pillars were added.

c1945: The plaque to the fallen of the Second World War was added.

17th April 1951: the memorial lies within the Peak District National Park designated on that date.

23rd January 1976: The memorial lies within the Castleton Conservation Area designated on that date.

1984: The Trust Fund was transferred to the Parish Council. The area around the memorial was relandscaped and the rock garden around the base was replaced by the low stone wall.

2004: The area around the memorial was further landscaped and the memorial cleaned

17 December, 2007: The cross was listed Grade II, Heritage List for England number 1392332.

After 2010: The railings were added.

27th August 2015: The memorial was surveyed by Roy Branson and Alan Willmot. It was in good condition and well cared for.
References

Derbyshire Courier; 25th October 1919 p12: A report on the unveiling ceremony.

Conservation Area Appraisal, Peak District National Park Authority, January 2010.
Comments

Page © Roy Branson