Derbyshire War Memorials
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Memorial Title

Alfreton

Summary
Derbyshire War Memorials: a description of a war memorial sculpture at Alfreton, Derbyshire.
Images
Setting Sculpture Inscription WW1 names Post WW1 names Click on a thumbnail to see a larger image.
Further images may be available on request.
Locations
Last known location:
Roadside
Market Place
King St (A61)
Alfreton
Derbyshire
Nearest postcode:
DE55 7AG

NGR:
SK 40916 55766
(From online digital mapping.)
(Map opens in new window.)
Location details:
The memorial is on a triangular paved island at the junction of King St and Church St.
Type
Overall type: Sculpture


Overall condition: Good. The inscription is legible and the memorial is cared for.

Description:

A cast bronze sculpture on a limestone pedestal and base, with plaques bearing inscriptions and names.

The sculpture is of a soldier with his right arm around the shoulder of a young girl in a protective manner. The soldier is wearing WW1 infantryman's battle dress, with puttees wound up and tucked in at the knee, a steel helmet, a gas mask pouch on his chest and various ammunition and supplies pouches on his back and hips. In his left hand he is holding a rifle, complete with strap, and with the toe of the gunstock resting on the ground. The girls is wearing a short dress and long socks (one of which is down) and appears to be holding a spray of laurel leaves to her right shoulder with both hands, with the soldier's hand on top. The sides of the foot of the sculpture bear the initials of the sculptor and the name of the founder.

The sculpture surmounts an ashlar limestone pedestal, square in plan, with a moulded top and with slightly battered faces bearing several plaques on three sides. Each of the two sides bears an empty oval classical cartouche carved at the head. The pedestal has a moulded plinth and surmounts a square base with corniced edge to the flat top and three recessed panels on each of the 6 and 12 o'clock faces, the central one on the 6 o'clock face bearing in inscription incised in upright capital roman lettering. The two sides have buttresses against the base and extending a short way up the pedestal, the battered tops of which bear a carved laurel wreath and sword of peace. The base and butresses all surmount a moulded plinth.

The 6 o'clock face of the pedestal bears an upright oblong bronze plaque with the inscription in raised, mainly upright, captial roman lettering. The plaque has six fleurons around its perimeter and is surmounted by a cast bronze bound wreath. The 12 o'clock face bears two upright bronze plaques bearing the original WW1 names, a narrow horizontal plaque at the head bearing an inscription, and a narrow horizontal plaque at the foot bearing WW1 names added later, all in white upright capital roman lettering. The 3 o'clock face bears an oblong bronze plaque bearing the WW2 names and a small supplementary plaque bearing an additional name, again all in white upright capital roman lettering.

The memorial is surrounded by nine bulbous shaped metal posts with chains between to form railings mounted on stone perimeter kerbs. A nearby interpretation board outlines the history of the memorial.

Glossary
Components:

Component Material Height Width Depth Condition
Sculpture (figures) Bronze c1650 c1500 c1100 Good
Pedestal Limestone c1800 c1200 c1200 Fair
Plinth (to pedestal) Limestone c250 c1300 c1300 Fair
Base Limestone c1000 c1800 c1800 Fair
Buttress x 2 Limestone c1400 c600 c600 Fair
Plinth (to base and buttresses) Limestone c250 c2400 c1900 Fair
Sculpture (wreath) Bronze c340 c680 c40 Good
Plaque (6 o'clock face) Bronze 1220 765 30 Good
Plaque x2 (12 o'clock face) Bronze 1320 380 5 Good
Plaque (top, 12 o'clock face) Bronze 75 865 5 Good
Plaque (bottom, 12 o'clock face) Bronze 85 865 5 Good
Plaque (3 o'clock face) Bronze 860 930 10 Good
Plaque (3 o'clock face) Bronze 65 205 5 Good
Railings (overall) Metal 980 3100 3860 Good
Kerbs (overall) Granite - 3100 3860 Good
Dimensions in millimetres ±5mm unless stated otherwise.
Inscription
9 o'clock face of foot of sculpture: 3 o'clock face of foot of sculpture: Central panel on 6 o'clock face of base:
PARLANTI    
    FOUNDERS LONDON
W.A. 1927 LEST
WE
FORGET

Plaque on 6 o'clock face: Plaques on 12 o'clock face (WW1):
TO THE
GLORY OF GOD
AND IN MEMORY OF
THE MEN OF
ALFRETON
WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES
IN THE GREAT WAR
1914 - 1918
"LIVE THOU FOR ENGLAND 
 WE FOR ENGLAND DIED"
FOR KING AND COUNTRY
LIEUT. R. A. ALCOCK
DVR. J. ALLEN
PTE. J. ALLSOP
PTE. W. ANTHONY
SIG. G. ATKINSON
L/C. J. L. BALL
PTE. T. BALL
PTE. C. BAXTER
PTE. G. E. BELFIELD
PTE. N. BENTLEY
PTE. T. BERESFORD
CAPTAIN F. M. BINGHAM
PTE. J. H. BRADFORD
PTE. H BRADLEY
CPL. J. BRADLEY
PTE. S. BRADSHAW
GNR. F. A. BREARLEY
PTE R. BROWN
PTE W. BUNTING
PTE. J. BURNS
PTE. F. H. BUXTON
LIEUT. S. W. CLARKE
PTE. E. CLAY
PTE. F. COCKLE
PTE. E. T. COOK
PTE. H. T. COX
PTE. J. D. CREESE
PTE. F. DAVIS
LIEUT. M. D. DRAPER
PTE. A. ELLIOTT
PTE. J. EVANS
PTE. W. EVERILL
REV. H. K. FINCH (C.F.)
LIEUT. P. D. FORRETT
L/C. G. FRANKLIN
LIEUT. C. B. FURMSTON
LIEUT. G. G. FURNESS
PTE.G. E. GARRATT
PTE. F. GOODACRE
PTE. J. GREGORY
PTE. W. GREGORY
PTE. G. GREEN
PTE. A. HARPHAM
PTE. J. HENLEY
LIEUT. T. P. A. HERVEY
PTE. W. H. HOLLINGWORTH
PTE. F. C. HOPKINSON
A/M. A. HULL
PTE E. J. HUNT
PTE. W. HUNT
PTE. J. E. HUTCHINSON
LIEUT. S. F. HUTTON
LIEUT. N. B. JACKSON
PTE. W. JACKSON
LIEUT. W. G. JACQUES
A.B.-E. JELF
PTE. J. H. JOHNSON
PTE. J. JOHNSON
PTE. R. W. JOHNSON
PTE. G. KNIGHTON
PTE. J. KNIVETON
PTE. W. KING
PTE. C. J. LAKE
SGT. A. E. LATHOM
CPL. C. LAWRENCE D.C.M.
LIEUT. G. G. W. LEARY
PTE. E. LINAKER
PTE. W. LING
PTE. J. H. MAISEY
PTE. W. MARSHALL
PTE. G. MARTIN
PTE. R. MERRIMAN
GNR. A. MOORE
PTE. H. J. MOORE
SGT. L. G. MOORE
PTE. W. MOORE
PTE. H. MOUSLEY
PTE. F. G. NICHOLSON
LIEUT. W. N. OUTHWAITE
LIEUT. J. H. PARKIN
DVR. A. PATRICK
PTE. G. V. PEAT
PTE. S. PORTER
PTE. E. POULSON
PTE. J. T. PRATT
DVR. C. H. RADFORD
PTE. J. RADFORD
REV. E. O. READ (C.F.)
MUS. H. A. REEVES
PTE. F. ROBINSON
CPL. W. ROBINSON
PTE. A. E. SAUNDERS
PTE. W. S. SHUTTLEWORTH
PTE. J. W. SMITH
RFLMN. H. SMALLEY
PTE. A. STAIN
PTE. J. SWEETING
PTE. W. TAYLOR
L/C. J. THOMPSON
PTE. G. H. TROTTER
PTE. R. TURTON
PTE. E. TILLSON
GNR. J. W. VALENTINE
GDSMAN. A. WAGER
PTE. W. WALKER
PTE. H. WALTERS
SGT. G. WARREN
LIEUT. E. E. WATCHORN
PTE. B. WEBSTER
PTE. W. R. WEST
SAP. J. B. WHITEMAN
SGT. T. E. WHITEMAN
LIEUT. F. G. WHEATCROFT
PTE. B. G. WILLMOTT
C.Q.M.S.-A. WILSON
PTE. E. YATES
ADDENDA
PTE. J. W. CLAYTON. PTE. J. W. GENT. DRUMMER J. HALL.
SAPPER W. HAYNES. PTE. L. ROWLEY.

Plaques on 9 o'clock face (WW2 and post WW2):
FOR KING AND COUNTRY
1939 ~ 1945
SGT. A. BENTLEY
W/O J. M. BINGHAM
DVR. C. E. BRADBEER
PTE. G. U. BRADLEY
SGT. E. C. BREARLEY
GNR. A. D. BROWN
SGT. M. L. BUXTON R.A.F.V.R.
PTE. S. DAVIS
F/O. W. W. R. DAWES
CPL. E. C. T. DOAR
PTE. C. E. ELLIOTT
LIEUT. DOROTHY GROOM
A.C.2. A. HILL
SGT. R. HILL
F/SGT. H. B. D. JONES
BOY TELG. M. W. KEY. R.N.
PTE. A. LATHAM.
SGT. L. LUCAS
PTE. E. H. MARTIN
GNR. W. MEAKIN
L/CPL. A. PARKIN
CPL. J. POWELL
GNR. A. E. ROBERTS
PTE. DOROTHY M. ROBINSON
LDG. SEA. C. W. ROBINSON
SGT. R. SEARSTON
GDSM. D. SHAW
FUS. M. SHUTTLEWORTH
P.O. JOS. SLACK
O.R. A. K. SPENCER
L/CPL. C. H. SPIBEY
F/O. G. L. TAYLOR
GDSM. G. E. THOMPSON
LT. W. TOWERS
LDG. SEA. C. WALKER
L.A.C. G. N. WEIGHTMAN
SGT. B. WHITE
SGT. J. WHITING
LT. C. WYKES
KILLED BY ENEMY ACTION
J. H. WHETTON       H. M. OLORENSHAW
SIGMN. J. A. WALKER
JAN. 22ND. 1954

Conflicts and people named:
Conflict First World War
(1914-1919)
Second World War
(1939-1945)
Second World War
(1939-1945) (Civilians)
Post 1945 Totals
Action Unspecified
Number died 121 39 2 1 163
Number served and returned  0  0 0 0  0
Total names 121 39 2 1 163
Administration
Custodian: Believed to be Alfreton Town Council

Local authorities:
From WW1: Alfreton Parish Council; Alfreton Urban District Council; Derbyshire County Council.
From 1974: Alfreton Town Council; Amber Valley Borough Council; Derbyshire County Council.
History and Conservation
1927: The sculpture was executed by William Aumonier Jnr, sculptor of London, and cast by Parlanti Founders of London. (Because of the complex trading relationships of Alessandro Parlanti and his associates it is difficult to identify the actual foundry or artist involved, but it probably a product of Parlanti Founders of Winders Road, Battersea although Alessandro Parlanti had returned to Italy by then and was not involved with the company.) The cost was c£2600, raised by public subscription but with a single donation of £2000 from Robert Watchorn of Los Angeles, California, a native of Alfreton.

31st July, 1927: The memorial was unveiled by Gen Sir Horace L Smith-Dorrien GCB, GCMG, DSO, ADC, commanding officer of the Sherwood Foresters (Nottinghamshire and Derbyshire Regiment) and dedicated by Rt Rev Dr Bernard Heywood BA, MA, DD, Bishop of Southwell.

30th June, 1929: The supplementary plaque with WW1 names was unveiled by Mrs J J Bingham of Alfreton

10th September, 1971: The Alfreton Conservation Area was first adopted: the memorial lies within it.

25th May, 1988: The memorial and railings were listed Grade II, Heritage List for England number 1109034.

July, 2007: The memorial ws rededicated.

2008-9: A proposal to add the previously omitted name of FO Jack Watson, who was shot down over the Adriatic on 9th October, 1944, was interrupted by ill informed objectors.

9th February 2018: The memorial was surveyed by Roy Branson and Alan Willmot. It was generally in good condition and well cared for although weathering has affected some of the carvings on the stonework, and slight spalling of the stonework is apparant elswhere.
References
Nottingham Evening Post; 7th July, 1927; p6: A report on funding and the forthcoming unveiling ceremony.

Derby Telegraph; 1st August, 1927; p6: a report of the unveiling ceremony.

Gloucester Citizen; 1st August, 1927; p7: a report on funding and the unveiling ceremony.

Nottingham Evening Post; 1st August, 1927; p7: A report on the unveiling ceremony.

Ibid; 1st July, 1929; p7: A report on the unveiling of the plaque with additional WW1 names.

Derby Telegraph; 1st July, 1929; p7: A report on the unveiling of the plaque with additional WW1 names.

Ibid; 30th July, 2007, p5; a report on the rededication of the memorial.

Ibid; 2nd January, 2008, p14; 8th January, 2008, p8; 14th November, 2009. p11: a debate concerning controversial objections to the addition of the previously ommitted name of FO Jack Watson, who was shot down over the Adriatic on 9th October, 1944.
Comments
A decade after attempts to add the name of FO Jack Watson it remains missing from the memorial.

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